In third grade, students continue to develop strategies to effectively use language. Through the presentation of reports and journal writing, they learn to write and speak for a specific purpose. Students learn to become strategic readers by identifying the elements of a story. They read expository material for specific information. Study skills include note taking, the use of reference materials, interpreting graphs and diagrams, and test-taking skills. Vocabulary development continues to include the refinement of phonetic and decoding skills. Word analysis strategies include: homonyms, antonyms, synonyms, analogies, multiple meaning and compound words. Students expand their vocabulary by learning strategies for identifying unfamiliar words.
Reading comprehension skills taught include: understanding fiction and nonfiction reading selections, identifying main ideas, sequencing events, recalling details, making predictions and connections, asking questions, drawing inferences, and understanding cause-and-effect relationships. Third graders continue to learn and practice the steps of the writing process. Peer conferencing is introduced as another revision technique. Proper grammar, spelling, and the mechanics of writing are taught to enable students to proofread and communicate more effectively.
Third graders focus on numeration and fact families in addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. They continue developing strategies for multi-digit addition and subtraction problems as well as practical application to problem solving. Early on, students will explore multiplication and division conceptually and move to fluency of basic facts within 100. Other third-grade skills include understanding fractions, geometry, graphing data, money and telling time (primarily time to the minute and elapsed time). Practical application of measurement skills includes linear, weight, and capacity with customary and metric units.
In social studies, students will learn about the government’s roles and responsibilities, why rules and laws are important, rights and responsibilities of US citizens, as well as economic systems.
A geography unit will begin with continents and oceans and narrow in on the location and important characteristics of Pennsylvania and Lycoming County. A focus will also be placed on important historical impacts of those areas as well.
Through our Heroes Unit, students will develop a sense of citizenship by identifying a hero who has made an impact on our society, especially those that have made societal and cultural contributions to life in Pennsylvania.
The third-grade science curriculum focuses on the physical, earth/space, and life sciences. The Matter unit provides students with activities to explore the properties of matter and the interaction between solids, liquids, and gases. In the Animal unit, students will learn about animal classifications, their interaction within ecosystems, life cycles, and characteristics/adaptations that help them to survive. Pennsylvania’s Energy Supply will focus on what energy is and how it is used as well as the different types of energy found in Pennsylvania. Students will learn about celestial patterns such as day and night, seasons, and moon phases in the Passing of Time unit. In the unit Moving Objects, students will learn about different aspects of simple and complex machines, as well as basic forces of motion.